terça-feira, 6 de novembro de 2018

Types of Tai Chi Chuan




There are five different styles of tai chi, dating from different periods. Each has its own methods and principles, lineage, and date of origin. Some focus on health, while others stress competition or self-defense.


Sun style (孫氏) The Sun style (孙氏) t’ai chi ch’uan is well known for its smooth, flowing movements which omit the more physically vigorous crouching, leaping and fa jin of some other styles. Its gentle postures and high stances make it very suitable for martial arts therapy.
Sun style t’ai chi ch’uan was developed by Sun Lutang, who is considered expert in two other internal martial arts styles: xingyiquan and baguazhang before he came to study t’ai chi ch’uan. Today, Sun-style ranks fourth in popularity and fifth in terms of seniority among the five family styles of t’ai chi ch’uan. He was also considered an accomplished Neo-Confucian and Taoist scholar, especially in the Yi Jing and the T’ai chi classics. Sun learned Wu (Hao)-style t’ai chi ch’uan from Hao Weizhen, who was Li Yishe’s (李亦畬) chief disciple. Sun style t’ai chi ch’uan is considered to be part of the umbrella of Sun style internal martial arts developed by Sun Lu T’ang
 Creator: Sun Lu-t’ang (1861–1932)



Chen Style (陳氏) Contemporary t’ai chi ch’uan is typically practised for a number of widely varying reasons: health, external/internal martial art skills, aesthetics, meditation or as an athletic/competition sport (sometimes called “wushu tai chi”). Therefore, a teacher’s system, practice and choice of training routines usually emphasizes one of these characteristics during training. The five traditional schools, precisely because they are traditional, attempt to retain the martial applicability of their teaching methods. Some argue that the Chen tradition emphasizes this martial efficacy to a greater extent


 Creator: Chen Wangting (1580–1660)




Yang Style (楊氏) The Yang family first became involved in the study of t’ai chi ch’uan (taijiquan) in the early 19th century. The founder of the Yang-style was Yang Luchan (楊露禪), aka Yang Fu-k’ui (楊福魁, 1799–1872), who studied under Ch’en Chang-hsing starting in 1820. Yang became a teacher in his own right, and his subsequent expression of t’ai chi ch’uan became known as the Yang-style, and directly led to the development of other three major styles of t’ai chi ch’uan (see below). Yang Luchan (and some would say the art of t’ai chi ch’uan, in general) came to prominence as a result of his being hired by the Chinese Imperial family to teach t’ai chi ch’uan to the elite Palace Battalion of the Imperial Guards in 1850, a position he held until his death.
Creator: Yang Luchan (1799–1872)




Wu Hao Style (武氏)
The Wu or Wu (Hao)-style of t’ai chi ch’uan of Wu Yu-xiang (武禹襄, 1813–1880), is a separate family style from the more popular Wu-style (吳氏) of Wu Chien-ch’üan. Wu Yu-hsiang’s style was third among the five t’ai chi ch’uan families in seniority and is fifth in terms of popularity. and fourth in terms of family seniority. This style is different from the Wu style of t’ai chi ch’uan (武氏) founded by Wu Yu-hsiang. While the names are distinct in pronunciation (Chinese: 武氏; pinyin: wǔshì) and the Chinese characters used to write them are different, they are often romanized the same way.

Creator: Wu Yu-hsiang (1812–1880)

Wu Style (吳氏) The Wu family style (Chinese: 吳家 or 吳氏; pinyin: wújiā or wúshì) t’ai chi ch’uan (Taijiquan) of Wu Quanyou and Wu Chien-ch’uan (Wu Jianquan) is the second most popular form of t’ai chi ch’uan in the world today, after the Yang style.


¿Qué es exactamente el Tai Chi?

Tai chi and its health benefits

quinta-feira, 1 de novembro de 2018

Los beneficios que practicar Tai Chi tiene para tu salud




Aunque surgió como una disciplina de combate no siempre se utiliza como tal y se trata de manejar tu propia energía1
De origen chino, Tai Chi o Tai Chi Chuan se considera un arte marcial y deporte de combate. Sin embargo, no se utiliza como tal en la mayoría de las ocasiones. Se puede entender como una serie de movimientos que dan forma a representaciones de la naturaleza; por ejemplo, acariciando la cola de un caballo, acariciando las nubes etc.; estas llamadas “series” hacen una secuencia y varias secuencias forman cuadros.

Su origen filosófico proviene del taoísmo. Se trata de que aquel que lo practica sea capaz de manejar su propia energía (Chi) a su conveniencia, tener pleno control sobre ella y fortalecerla, además de ‘tomar’ la del adversario a su favor. De ahí que cualquier practicante tendrá la capacidad de manejar su energía, así como direccionarla hacia un punto, llevar un flujo energético hacia alguna parte de su cuerpo o concentrar su Chi o energía vital.
Lo cierto es que el Tai Chi se utiliza para mejorar la calidad de vida, física, mental, y espiritual. Para los chinos, el trabajo espiritual es parte fundamental de la vida diaria, de ahí que el Tai Chi sea otra forma de hacer meditación; un tipo de meditación en movimiento, donde la persona que lo practica está enfocada en el aquí y en el ahora.

Dentro de los principios del Tai Chi se encuentran los movimientos suaves, de forma natural, relajada, fluida y, a la vez, lenta; no se aplica la fuerza ni la rapidez, ni la rigidez ni la agilidad.
El cuerpo debe estar relajado y moviéndose lentamente, sintiendo cómo corre la energía, llevando la fuerza hacia el movimiento. Dentro de este ejercicio la respiración representa un elemento clave, ya que ésta debe de ser profunda, relajada y, a la vez, debe fluir de manera natural junto con el movimiento, lo que lo convierte en una práctica espiritual, al estar consciente, atento y concentrado en el movimiento, y, al mismo tiempo, relajado para sentir el Chi.
Fonte: Nueva Mujer

sábado, 27 de outubro de 2018

Tai Chi for balance

Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese practice which originated as a self-defence technique; later on, practitioners recognised its stress-busting and many other health benefits. Tai Chi is practised in the modern world by all age groups. Its low impact and graceful movements make it a safe form of exercise for seniors, the medically challenged and pregnant women. I have been practising Tai Chi for more than a decade and have seen great improvement in my concentration, strength, agility and flexibility. It has helped in keeping me calm in stressful situations.

Meditation in Motion: Tai Chi is an abbreviation of Tai Chi Chuan which means “ultimate fast fist”. Slow and graceful movements are performed in continuity without pause. Such practice requires a great deal of concentration and coordination between mind and body, which is the reason why Tai Chi is often referred to as “Meditation in Motion”. Tai Chi movements are performed with an artistic grace and complete concentration; the transition from one movement to another is done in a flow without stopping. Simultaneously, diaphragmatic breathing (deep breathing from stomach) along with screaming (not shouting) helps in the movements as well.

Practice Tai Chi for a healthy lifestyle:
Tai Chi is recommended for every age group. However, practice under supervision is necessary to learn the right technique. Tai Chi is a holistic approach in maintaining overall health.
Health benefits of Tai Chi
Regular practice enhances flexibility and functional ability of the body.
Improves muscular strength, endurance, strength of connective tissues and ligaments
Improves your posture and body balance.
Regulates your hormonal system. It may result in slow ageing.
Improves your breathing process and cardio strength.
Reduces tension through the development of inner energy and calmness of mind.
Improves sense of humour.

Source: The Hindu



Tai Chi Chuan: 5 Benefícios (Español-Português)



Español
Tai Chi Chuan es una verdadera fuente de la juventud. Se activa sus hormonas y células inmunes, fortalece el corazón, pone en orden las funciones orgánicas, refina los reflejos y el equilibrio y ayuda a protegerse de los signos del envejecimiento. Como si no fuera suficiente todas estas ventajas, el método sigue siendo bueno para el estado de ánimo. actividad práctica es como abrir una ventana en una habitación mal ventilada – un gran alivio!


Para los que odian el ejercicio y para cualquier persona cuyas articulaciones y el corazón no puede realizar movimientos vigorosos, Tai Chi es perfecto. Para el corazón y el metabolismo, la actividad equivalente a una caminata de cuatro kilómetros. Pero Tai Chi tiene algo especial que ofrece un refuerzo general de salud a través de muy diferentes formas de ejercicio convencional.

Echa un vistazo a los cinco principales beneficios del método:
1 – Despierta la energía y equilibra la presión arterial: técnicas de respiración reducen el estrés, disminuye el ritmo cardíaco y aumenta el nivel de energía.
2 – Aumenta la capacidad de concentración: correr formas de movimiento, el practicante ejerce la memoria y el aumento de la capacidad de realizar las tareas diarias más fácilmente.
3 – estiramiento músculos y deja las articulaciones flexibles: los movimientos lentos y circulares disminuyen el estrés y aumentar la fuerza muscular y la flexibilidad de las articulaciones.
 4 – Mejora el equilibrio y reduce el riesgo de caídas y accidentes: se aprende a convertir su cuerpo lentamente y caminar una postura más estrecho, mejorar el equilibrio y reducir considerablemente las posibilidades de caer o hacerse daño.
5 – Mejora la circulación: la respiración profunda y movimientos amplios vigoriza los músculos y aumentar el flujo sanguíneo. Esto permite que el oxígeno fresco con nutrientes que circule a través de los miembros, la alimentación extremos del cuerpo



Português
Tai Chi Chuan é uma verdadeira fonte de juventude. Ele ativa os seus hormônios e as células imunes, fortalece o coração, coloca em ordem as funções orgânicas, refina reflexos e equilíbrio e ajuda você a afastar os sinais da idade. Como se não bastassem todos esses benefícios, o método ainda faz bem para o humor. Praticar a atividade é como abrir uma janela num quarto abafado – um grande alívio!

Para aqueles que detestam exercícios e para qualquer pessoa cujas juntas e coração não podem exercer movimentos extenuantes, o Tai Chi é perfeito. Para o coração e o metabolismo, a atividade equivalente a uma caminhada de quatro quilômetros. Mas o Tai Chi tem algo especial, que oferece um fortalecimento geral da saúde através de formas muito diferentes dos exercícios convencionais.

Confira abaixo os cinco maiores benefícios do método:
1 – Desperta a energia e equilibra a pressão sanguínea: as técnicas respiratórias reduzem o estresse, diminuem a frequência cardíaca e aumentam o nível energético.
2 – Aumenta a capacidade de concentração: executando as formas dos movimentos, o praticante exercita a memória e aumentando a capacidade de executar as tarefas diárias com maior facilidade.
3 – Alonga os músculos e deixa as juntas flexíveis: os movimentos vagarosos e circulares diminuem a tensão e aumentam a resistência muscular e a flexibilidade das articulações.
4 – Melhora o equilíbrio e reduz o risco de quedas e acidentes: a pessoa aprende a girar o seu corpo vagarosamente e andar numa postura mais estreita, melhorando o equilíbrio e diminuindo consideravelmente as chances de cair ou se machucar.
5 – Melhora a circulação: a respiração profunda e os movimentos amplos revigoram os músculos e aumentam o fluxo sanguíneo. Isso permite que o oxigênio fresco circule com nutrientes através dos membros, alimentando as extremidades do corpo com mais energia.

sexta-feira, 26 de outubro de 2018

The Benefits of Learning Tai Chi



Almost anyone can reap the mind-body rewards of this ancient Chinese practice.
Tai chi, which uses slow and gentle movements, may seem like yet another exercise fad. But the practice began as a martial art in China hundreds of years ago, and its health benefits have been the focus of more than 500 studies in the last half-century.
“It’s really more like moving meditation, and almost anyone at any age can do it,” says a longtime tai chi teacher, Bill Helm, director of the Taoist Sanctuary in San Diego. Here, how tai chi can help you.

How Tai Chi Boosts Health
One plus appears to be better balance. A recent analysis of 10 studies involving older adults, in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, found that regular classes reduced falls by 43 percent in those followed for up to a year compared with other exercise. One study suggested it may also cut the chance of being injured in a fall by half.
Tai chi involves slowly shifting your weight from side to side or forward and back, and stepping in circles, all of which improve balance.


“It also helps strengthen your stabilizing muscles, like those in the hips, and improves your body’s sense of where it is in space,” says Linda Larkey, Ph.D., a professor in the College of Nursing and Health Innovation at Arizona State University.
A review published last year in Canadian Family Physician found that tai chi also helps ease the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia, depression, osteoarthritis, and Parkinson’s disease. A similar review found it may help with hypertension, too.
“The mindfulness aspect of tai chi—the breathing, focus, and rhythmic nature of the movements—helps calm the nervous system and reduce inflammation,” Larkey says. That can have a positive effect on brain function, pain perception, anxiety, and blood pressure, she notes.

Before You Start
If you’re an older adult under a doctor’s care or you haven’t exercised regularly in awhile, the American Tai Chi and Qigong Association recommends first getting medically cleared for exercise.
But experts say tai chi is safe for most people.
“One reason tai chi programs have been so popular at senior and retirement centers is because it’s relatively low intensity, and people seldom get hurt,” says Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko, Ph.D., a kinesiologist and dean of the Graduate College at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
A 2014 Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation review found that the most common negatives were minor aches and pains, typically in the knees and back.

What to Expect
In tai chi, an instructor will lead you through a warm-up, followed by a series of flowing moves you’ll learn gradually and repeat throughout class. “I tell my students, ‘Nobody here is going to the tai chi Olympics, but we can improve on our current state of health,’ ” Helm says.
You can also do tai chi with an instructional DVD or online video. (The Arthritis Foundation offers some video clips online.) But a group class may be better; hands-on instruction will help you improve your form and avoid moves that may cause pain.
Community recreation and senior centers and YMCA/YWCAs frequently offer tai chi classes. You can also find them in your area by searching the American Tai Chi and Qigong Association’s online directory.

Try a few classes (Helm recommends going at least twice a week for a month) to make sure you feel comfortable and that instruction includes rhythmic breathing, slow arm and leg movements that involve coordination and balance, and an emphasis on clearing or focusing the mind.
“If the class doesn’t include these elements, you might not get the same benefits that have been shown in studies,” Larkey says.
Keep in mind that as low-intensity exercise, tai chi doesn’t meet government physical activity guidelines: 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity like a brisk walk or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity like jogging, weekly, along with twice-weekly strength sessions.
“If you’re using tai chi as a supplement to your more intense routine, that’s very good,” Chodzko-Zajko says. “If it’s being used to substitute for walking or another activity, then that’s more of a concern. There’s not strong evidence that low-intensity physical activity of any kind is as good for you as meeting the physical activity guidelines.”
Source: https://www.consumerreports.org/

Los beneficios del Tai Chi


El Tai Chi forma parte de un estilo de vida saludable; de hecho, la medicina tradicional china recomienda la práctica de esta disciplina para el mantenimiento y equilibrio de la salud, física, mental y espiritual.


Tras diversas investigaciones, la medicina occidental centra los beneficios de esta técnica en personas que sufren de trastornos del sistema inmune, sistema circulatorio, problemas respiratorios, asma, problemas en sistema reproductivo y problemas digestivos, entre otros, destacando sus beneficios en el aparato locomotor, consistencia muscular, articulaciones y huesos. Además, aumenta la flexibilidad y mejora y regula la circulación sanguínea.
A nivel mental, se considera muy efectiva para trastornos depresivos, ansiedad y estrés, mejorando los estados de ánimo y la capacidad de concentración, además de ser una fuente inagotable de producción de endorfinas, las hormonas de la eterna juventud y de la felicidad.
Se trata de un deporte que se recomienda mucho para personas de la tercera edad por su facilidad, ya que no requiere fuerza ni rapidez; una técnica que está dirigida a personas que quieren hacer ejercicio y meditación al mismo tiempo.
Fuente: Nueva Mujer

quarta-feira, 24 de outubro de 2018

New hope if you are feeling down and under? Try Tai Chi




Practicing Tai Chi — a form of ancient Chinese martial art — for 12-weeks may significantly reduce symptoms of depression such as persistent feeling of sadness or loss, a study showed.
Tai Chi, which has been used for more than 1,000 years, combines deep breathing and slow and gentle movements.
It is generally suitable for people of any level of physical fitness.
“While some previous studies have suggested that tai chi may be useful in treating anxiety and depression, most have used it as a supplement to treatment for others medical conditions, rather than patients with depression,” said Albert Yeung from Massachusetts General Hospital.
Tai Chi can be particularly effective for patients who avoid conventional psychiatric treatment, the researchers said.
For the study, published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, the team recruited 50 participants through advertisements offering tai chi for stress reduction.


Of these 17 were in the tai chi group, 14 in the education group that included discussions on stress, mental health and depression and 19 in the a passive control, wait-list group.
The 12-week assessments showed that the tai chi group had significantly greater improvement in depression symptoms than did members of either control group.
Earlier this year, China nominated Tai Chi, for inclusion in the Unesco List of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Previous studies have found that Tai Chi could better help patients suffering from five painful conditions — back pain, osteoarthritis, neck pain, fibromyalgia, and severe headaches and migraine.


sábado, 20 de outubro de 2018

Tai Chi 42 Step form – english and chinese names (video)



Tai Chi May Be Therapeutic Option for Fibromyalgia



quarta-feira, 17 de outubro de 2018

Tai Chi: Moving For Better Balance


segunda-feira, 15 de outubro de 2018

História do estlio Sun




Dos quatro estilos principais, Chen, Yang, Wu e Sun, o último é o mais jovem, e tem certas características que o tornam único. Seu criador, Sun Lutang (1861-1932) foi um famoso mestre de duas outras artes marciais internas, Xingyiquan, que integra a forma externa e intenção interior) e Baguazhang, com base nos oito trigramas do I Ching disciplina, o Livro mudanças.

Um dia, Sun Lutang conheceu Hao Weizhen, um dos maiores expoentes do Tai Chi naqueles anos. Mas Hao estava doente, e Sun, um homem compassivo, ele conseguiu um quarto em um hotel e um bom médico para tratá-lo. Durante sua convalescença, Hao foi viver três meses na casa para ensinar Tai Chi. Embora, em seguida, Sun durou mais de 50 anos de idade e já um artista marcial famoso, ele foi aberto para aprender novas habilidades.


Embora Sun Lutang tenha começado a praticar Tai Chi em uma idade relativamente avançada e só estudou por um curto período, é considerado hoje como um dos grandes inovadores da arte do Tai Chi. Na verdade, ele foi o criador de um dos principais estilos, um exemplo claro de que a idade não é uma limitação. Sun também foi um visionário em que ajudou a fazer Tai Chi acessível a pessoas de todos os tipos, destacando seus benefícios de saúde. Ele foi o autor do primeiro livro sobre Tai Chi para a saúde, e também o primeiro ensinou abertamente mulheres.
No entanto, Sun enfatizou que seu estilo era puro Tai Chi , e não incluem elementos de Baguazhang e Xingyiquan. As características que tornam o seu Tai Chi tão poderoso é em grande parte devido ao fato de que a Sun se juntou a ele um conhecimento considerável sobre o cultivo de qi que tinha adquirido com outras artes marciais internas.
Sun disse que o mais alto nível de Tai Chi é o Tao. O Tao e Taoísmo são baseados na concepção filosófica antiga chinesa da natureza. Da mesma forma, Chen Wang Ting, o criador original do Tai Chi, baseou sua arte marcial na medicina tradicional chinesa e compreensão filosófica da natureza. Nossa visão é que Tai Chi foi criado com o objetivo principal de cultivar a saúde com uma abordagem holística e harmonizar o homem com a natureza, e não simplesmente uma ordem marcial.


Fonte: DragonTaiChi.Net